Address: 81 Berwick Street, Shek Kip Mei
Year of completion: 1954
Client: Hong Kong Housing Authority
Typical floor area: 1,195m2
Units per floor: 60–72
Called ‘Mark I’ and planned by the government in reaction to bad living conditions in slums just after many of them disappeared in a huge fire, this type was an example for many later residential and industrial buildings. The space standard was set at 2.2m2 per person. Dwelling units without running water and electricity shared common bathrooms and kitchens, situated on connecting tracts of the H form. The circumferential access balcony was also used as an outdoor space and a kitchen. Schools were on the roof terraces. Thanks to their four points of access they were well connected with the neighbourhood. It is a kind of Modernist Chinese shop-house [Type 4].