Address: Avenida Ipiranga, 200
Year of completion: 1952–66
Client: Companhia Pan-Americana de Hotéis e Turismo & Banco Nacional Imobiliário (BNI)
Architect: Oscar Niemeyer
Podium floor area: 5,811m2; tower floor area: 2,633m2
Copan was commissioned as a large hotel resort to be delivered in 1954 for the celebrations of the fourth centenary of the city. Originally, two separate buildings were planned next to each other, one hotel and one residential, but the hotel was never built. It is one of the first ‘neighborhood units’ much inspired by Le Corbusier’s Unité d’Habitation. The large base includes a cinema, offices and shops along winding covered galleries. The latter also provide access to the six cores of dwellings. It is still today one of the largest residential buildings in the world, rising up to 140m. At the time, Avenida Ipiranga had a compulsory minimum height of 39m, defined by law no 41 in 1940.